Products mentioned in this Article
85mm obr 1939 gun (Late) (SU543)
M-1939 (KS-12) 85mm Anti-Aircraft Gun
Contains one 85mm obr 1939 gun and eight crew.
The 85mm obr 1939 anti-aircraft gun (KS-12) was developed by M. N. Loginov at Artillery Plant No. 8 at Kaliningrad (later relocated to Sverdlovsk) as a replacement for the 76mm anti-aircraft gun.
The German Wehrmacht were also impressed with the gun and pressed captured examples into service as the 8.5cm FlaK39(r). When stocks of captured 85mm ammunition were exhausted the Germans re-chambered the guns to take 88mm German anti-aircraft gun ammunition as the 8.5/8.8cm FlaK39(r).
Production of the 85mm obr 1939 gun ended in 1944 when it underwent several major modifications, which allowed the gun to fire a more powerful charge while using the same shells as the obr 1939 version.
These modified guns were designated the KS-18 anti-aircraft gun (85mm obr 1944 gun).
The 85mm obr 1939 (KS-12) served as a heavy anti-aircraft gun for the Soviet air defence forces throughout the war. They were also used against tanks on the battlefield when the need arose. In 1943 some Tank Destruction battalions were equipped with the 85mm obr 1939 gun to deal with the newer heavily armoured German tanks like the Tiger and Panther. A number of these battalions we still equipped with the 85mm obr 1939 guns during the Operation Bagration offensive against German Army Group Centre.
Left: James has modelled two guns, one of the two guns with 5 crew to show off the trailer parts that come with the pack. The other gun is modelled with the 8 crew for ROF3. All 8 crew are included in the pack.