Painting US Airborne troops

Evan

Painting US Airborne troops

By Evan Allen

All my figures are painted with the Colours of War range of paints so if you use another brand then just check with the colour charts included in the article to find the closest match. These are my personal suggestions only so please treat them as a guide and not “gospel”. I’ve also refrained from my usual technique of adding a little white to the basic uniform colour and drybrushing highlights so you can see the actual colour more clearly.

The M1942 Uniform

The first combat uniform issued to US Airborne troopers, the M1942, was purpose designed for Airborne troops by Maj. William Yarborough (who was also the designer of the US Airborne parachute wings).

The design included features such as pockets cut on the diagonal to allow easy access while wearing webbing equipment and large, expanding, bellows style leg pockets that became a trademark of the wartime US airborne trooper. The M1942 uniform was used only by Paratroopers and wasn’t issued to Glider troops. The Paratroopers taking part in combat jumps in North Africa, Sicily, Italy and Normandy wore this uniform and even one battalion that jumped during  “Market Garden” in Holland was still wearing this uniform.

This uniform was made from light cotton that was a pale greenish-tan colour and I must admit to spending an awful lot of time experimenting to achieve, what I hope to be, the closest match possible. 

M1942 Uniform M1942 Uniform

I don’t usually mix different colours to achieve my basic uniforms but this uniform, unfortunately, seems to defy any single colour in the entire vast Vallejo range. Eventually I settled on a mix of Middlestone VP882 + 20% US Dark Green VP893.

The other colours I chose are:

Uniform item
FWP
Humbrol
Model-master
Tamiya
Games Workshop
Weapon Furn. (wood)
Oxide Red (FWP382) 170
1735
XF10
Scorched Brown
Webbing & Equip.
Tommy Green (FWP345) 83
1704
XF60
Cammo Green
Helmet
Sherman Drab (FWP321) 155
2050
XF62 Catchan Green
Jump Boots
Oxide Red (FWP382) 62
1701
XF10
Scorched Brown
M1942 Uniform with patches M1942 Uniform with patches

The M1942 uniform was practical to wear in combat when it was warm but it offered no protection from the elements when the weather turned nasty. Also, being made from lightweight cotton, the knees and elbows tended to wear out quickly so many an airborne trooper bribed his unit parachute rigger to sew patches over the elbows and knees. The material commonly used for this was cotton duck from old parachute packs and was olive drab in colour.

I’ve painted patches on the elbows and knees of this figure over an otherwise standard M1942 uniform with Tankovy Green (FWP341). You could even mix these with “unpatched” troopers for a bit of variety.

The Glidermen

The Glider borne troops were basically standard infantrymen who woke up one day to find themselves called Glidermen, there were no calls for volunteers here!

With a job equally as dangerous as their Paratrooper brothers they were denied the extra “jump pay” until just prior to the “Market Garden” landings when, finally, they achieved official recognition of the hazardous nature of their job. The uniform worn by these intrepid airborne soldiers was almost exactly the same as the “leg infantryman”.

Gliderman Gliderman

The only allowance for airborne duties was the issue of jump boots to some fortunate troopers and other than that this figure has been painted as an ordinary infantryman in the M1941 uniform.

The colours I chose are: 

Uniform item
FWP
Humbrol
Model-master
Tamiya
Games Workshop
Jacket/leggings
Military Khaki (FWP327) 121 1792
XF57
Kommado Khaki
Trousers
Wool Brown (FWP328) 118
1702
XF49
Graveyard Earth
Webbing
Tommy Green (FWP345) 83
1704
XF60 Cammo Green
Helmet
Sherman Drab (FWP321) 155
2050
XF62
Catchan Green
Boots
Oxide Red (FWP382) 62
1701
XF10
Scorched Brown
The M1943 Uniform The M1943 Uniform The M1943 Uniform

After the US Airborne forces were withdrawn from Normandy they were refitted and brought back up to strength ready for the next mission. This included the widespread issue of the brand new M1943 olive drab uniform to the veterans of the 82nd and 101st divisions. This wasn’t just a paratroop uniform but the beginning of the US Army’s push to standardize the combat uniform. All airborne units received the M1943 uniform, even the Glider troops, but the paratroopers were quick to modify theirs by adding bigger leg pockets.

The new airborne divisions arriving fresh from the States already wore this new uniform and it was the uniform seen dropping from the sky, or climbing out of a glider, during “Market Garden” in Holland and “Varsity” over the Rhine and into Germany proper.

This figure is painted as wearing the new M1943 olive drab uniform. The uniform colour I used is Tankovy Green (FWP341). The rest is the same as for the earlier paratroop uniform colours details.

For all the airborne equipment like mortars and bazookas etc. I use:

Item
FWP
Humbrol
Model-master
Tamiya
Games Workshop
Support Weapons
Sherman Drab (FWP321) 155
2050
XF62
Catchan Green

as the US Army used pretty much the same colour of Olive drab on everything.

I hope I’ve given you enough to help get you started on painting your airborne force and also a feel for the kind of troops that you’ll be leading, I’m sure, to tabletop success whether from the sky or as elite “leg infantry” with a bit of Armour in support.

Happy gaming
Cheers,
Evan.

History of the US Airborne...

327th Glider Regiment Patch